Nordic Berries

Cranberry

(Vaccinium oxycoccos= Common Cranberry or Northern Cranberry)
(Vaccinium microcarpum = Small Cranberry)

Cranberries are found in Finland's swamps.  They are harvested starting in autumn and the best harvest usually
comes after the first frost. The sweet, tangy berries are rich in vitamin C, dietary fiber and the essential dietary
mineral, manganese as well as organic acids (citric acid, benzoic acid and chlorogenic acid) and flavonoids.They
are valued for their use as an antioxidant. They positively affect the digestive system.  Cranberries are also used in
homeopathic treatments i.e. for yeast infections. Cranberries can be used in cooking with game i.e. venison, elk.
It can also be used in baking and juice making. In North America it is commonly used to make cranberry sauce for
holiday dinners.

Nutrition facts:
http://www.fineli.fi/food.php?foodid=441⟨=en

 

Seabuckthorn

(Hippophae rhamnoides)

Seabuckthorn grows on shrubs and in Finland is mainly located in Åland Island and along the coast of the Gulf of Bothnia.  They are harvested in the autumn. Seabuckthorn has an unusually high content of vitamin C, and also
contains beta-carotene, amino acids and vitamin E.  The pulp of seabuckthorn contains 3-5% oil. The oil contains
very vitamin rich fatty acids.  In Finland and northern Europe, seabuckthorn is used in producing juice, oil and skin
care products. 

Nutrition fact:
http://www.fineli.fi/food.php?foodid=455⟨=en

 

Cloudberry

(Rubus chamaemorus)

The Cloudberry (in Finnish-Lakka or Hilla) is a symbol of Lapland recognition of it has grown since its appearance on the Finnish 2€ coin. Cloudberry is a member of the rose family and it grows mainly in the northern parts of the world past the 45th parallel. In Finland it grows in the swamps and moors of Lapland.  They are harvested from July until
the end of September.  Cloudberries have a high vitamin C and benzoic acid content. It is used in homeopathic
treatments to cure, i.e.: diarrhea, rheumatoid arthritis and gout. In Finland it is used to produce jams and jellies and it
is very common to eat it with leipäjuusto (a local cheese; the name translates to "bread-cheese"). It is also used to
make "lakkalikööri" or cloudberry liquor, which is a Finnish specialty.

Nutrition Facts:
http://www.fineli.fi/food.php?foodid=449⟨=en

 

Blueberry/ Bilberry

(Vaccinium myrtillus)

Blueberries grow in pine forests on small shrubs that are close to the ground.  They are harvested from July through September.  Blueberries contain a lot of vitamin C and vitamin B6, carotene, magnesium and flavonoid.  They are
mainly used to make jams and in baking.

Nutrition facts:
http://www.fineli.fi/food.php?foodid=442⟨=en

 

Lingonberry                                                                                                                                                                     

(Vaccinium vitis-idaea)

Lingonberries are quite similar to cranberries and can be found in the pine forests of Finland and other Northern
areas.  They are rich in vitamin A, vitamin C, magnesium and flavonoids. Due to their high content of salicylic and
benzoic acid they act as a preservative, which is why we do not need to add preservatives or sugars to our juices
to keep it fresh. Lingonberries are used to make jams, jellies and juices and can also be used in baking or when
cooking game i.e. venison or elk. The berries are harvested from the end of August until the end of September.

Nutrition facts:
http://www.fineli.fi/food.php?foodid=440⟨=en